Iron casting

June 3, 2019 Чугунное литье

For stoves and fireplaces. Cast iron to order

Handmade ceramics

May 29, 2019 керамическая статуэтка

Figurines of animals and birds, panels, tiles to order

What are we building “today”

May 26, 2019

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Brick Ovens

May 25, 2019 печь

Russian, cooking, heating and cooking, Swedes, Dutch

Kitchen complex

May 24, 2019 печник Рязань

Brazier, cauldron, tandoor, smokehouse, Russian stove, Pompeian, etc.

bath stove

May 15, 2019 Банная печь

Brick bath furnace of periodic action. Russian sauna

Which oven to choose

April 20, 2019

Furnace heating

Referring to local heating systems, is quite widespread in individual house-building and country houses. The main characteristics of the furnace include efficiency and heat capacity. Another requirement that a heating furnace must meet is the observance of a normal ecology in a heated room, i.e. the stove must not smoke in the process of burning, it should not form condensate with its specific smell and the ability to contaminate surfaces. The process of using the stove must be non-hazardous in terms of fire and completely exclude the ingress of carbon monoxide into the dwelling with the correct mode of the firebox. There are many designs of stoves that can differ significantly from each other. However, for each furnace there are certain basic elements inherent in all heating devices. Such elements include, first of all, the firebox, cavities inside the stove, through which combustion products, the heating part with a staggered surface, valves, etc., go into the atmosphere. In special stoves, which, besides heating, provide other functions (cooking stoves, stoves for baking bread, stove, smoke oven, etc.). Each furnace is installed on the foundation. Until now, there are many who wish not only to embellish their home with this ancient monument, but also to use it for its intended purpose, to heat the house and its own bath. Fortunately, no smart hands were capable of folding a real stove-stove, without which a light pair could not be in a Russian bath! No modern analogue can overshadow it. A good stove should heat the air in the steam room to a temperature of at least 45 ° C near the floor and 80 ° Cord; also provide steam when pouring water on the stones; do not emit gas and gas; be economical. There is no open source of fire in the Russian bath, therefore Oxygen is not burned in. In order for the stones to become red hot, they are placed in a stove that is used simultaneously to heat the bath and to heat the water. The furnace walls and stones are heated. In our examples, there are no burning furnace walls. Air induction between the furnaces and lining. Stones for backfilling should accumulate high quality and then share heat, withstand high temperatures and not crack from water. To do this, they must be sufficiently dense, uniform, uniformly heated throughout the volume and have the same coefficient of thermal expansion throughout in all directions. Stones are selected in different sizes. Large ones are laid down, and a little on them. Of course, there are no eternal stones, sometimes they need to be sorted out and replaced. Steam is obtained by pouring hot water over the hot stones. Hot and humid steam acts much faster than dry. Due to good heat absorption by masonry and stones, the stove ensures a high temperature in the steam room not only when soaring occurs, but also in the next 1-2 days. The stones heat up to 800 ° C – in the lower zone and 600 ° C – in the upper one. With such a temperature, the soot that settles on the stones gradually fades away. This property of heat-burning stoves, heaters to carry out the products of combustion through the stone backfill allows extra-simple simplification in their scheme. But you can steam with such a stove only after the stones have fully warmed up to operating temperature. When the fuel is burned, the furnace is clean of ash and close the valve. It is recommended to install brick chimneys, as there is no condensate in such pipes. A fireplace can heat a room very quickly with the radiant energy of the fire but it is not capable of accumulating heat. Therefore, a very large amount of air enters the combustion zone of the fuel, contributing to intense combustion. This amount of air entering the firebox significantly reduces the temperature of the exhaust gases, reducing the draft in the fireplace. To improve traction in the fireplace, they do not smoke, and try to make the chimney as smooth as possible, without a large number of turns. As the fuel burns out, the heat stops flowing through the room, and it quickly cools. There are many designs of fireplaces, which have their own appearance, size, decoration and thermal characteristics. Fireplaces are an addition to central heating or a heating stove. The most suitable option to increase the efficiency of the fireplace can be the construction of a stove, which combines both the functions of the furnace heat accumulation, and the fireplace, a quick warm-up of the room.

About fireplaces

April 20, 2019

The fireplace is a symbol of comfort and well-being. A special comfort creates a high-quality and beautiful fireplace that attracts the attention of everyone who comes into the house, not to mention the happy owners of the fireplace with an open fire chamber. Who can spend hours enjoying the game of flames and crackling firewood.

Fire is a natural wealth that you look at and do not get tired of. It awakens the most pleasant feelings and soothes perfectly. Perhaps that is why fireplaces in our homes have become fashionable. Laying a fireplace with an open hearth is a difficult task, and only a specialist can do it. Errors in the calculations lead to the fact that there are problems with ignition, and the smoke can go into the room.

A sign of a “correct” fireplace is a burning flame at the back wall of the firebox.

There are three options for the location of the fireplace in the room – near the wall, in the corner and center. For fire safety, the coating around the fireplace should be made of non-combustible material. It can be stone, ceramic tile, brass sheet, etc., and the width of such a coating is at least 50 cm.

The fireplace works with a fully open valve.

In a well-sealed room you need to provide additional air flow – to improve traction. For firebox fireplace, you must use dry firewood hardwood. The most common is birch. When using coniferous rocks, embers are fired, which is a fire hazard. Also, when burning emit a large amount of tar, and this may be the cause of clogging of the chimney and the fire chamber of the fireplace. It is necessary to periodically inspect the condition of the chimney from the inside, make cleaning. To remove tar from the tar (burn out), you can use aspen firewood or dry potato peel. Do not use water or a fire extinguisher to extinguish coal.

Addition.

Fireplaces of brick with an open firebox.

Fireplace has passed a difficult path. His ancestor pleased the eyes of primitive man. Various metamorphosis occurred with him, during its existence. And he settled in almost every home. The films created a stereotype that fireplaces were present only in England. But it was the most common type of heating throughout the area inhabited by people. But the symbol of foggy Albion, he remained forever. English style is replete with wrought elements and bas-reliefs. The firebox itself is open. This decoration also has a practical function. Italians are easy people. Such and fireplaces. Light, graceful and beautiful. This is not only a place to gather guests and households, but also an indicator of the level of the host. It is decorated expensively and in a big way. In order to surprise everyone. Do not save. The French are accustomed to luxury. Fireplaces of past centuries stun the imagination. They could occupy a huge area, and more like works of art than on the subject of heating. Bronze, gilt, and marble were also used. The Russians used fireplaces as a status element. Only nobles could afford it. Fireplaces that have survived are true masterpieces. What are the handsome palace? Breathtaking. Nowadays, fireplaces again conquer their positions. It is prestigious and beautiful. Practical and cozy. Nice to gather around the fireplace with the whole family. To listen as wood is cracked in the firebox. To this accompaniment, everything in this world seems secondary. Only the sound of cod and a pleasant sensation of warmth. You can watch the fire forever. He is fascinating and soothing. To face it at its discretion. Today’s fashion is very democratic. From glamorous marble to decorative laying. If the dimensions of the room, or other factors, do not allow to build a real fireplace, you can use very high-quality simulators. They do not need exhaust and special restructuring of the room. Installed as a heater on the wall and all. Enjoy coziness and comfort in any weather. Based on your apartment design, you can use many options for the fireplaces themselves. They can be an emphasis on design. Set as an addition to the decor and more. The range of this product is just limitless. It is not so important what type of fireplace you choose. It is important that this attribute of family and stability settles at your home. Comfortable rest and pleasant pastime you provided.

Kinds of oven accessories

April 20, 2019

Types of stove fittings for stoves, fireplaces, barbecue. For stoves (heating cooking stoves, Russian stoves, stoves, bath stoves, fireplaces) stove fittings are necessary (auxiliary parts and parts necessary for the manufacture of the product, ensuring the normal operation of stoves and care them). The furniture fittings are finished metal products: furnace, blower and other doors, grates, grates, smoke valves, cast-iron stoves, dampers, ovens, water heaters, etc. The cast-iron appliances are more durable – o and burn through, do not rust, less warp of high temperature and long time are used. Doors and valves must close well. Doors and handles should have a smooth ride, without jamming, the valve mechanism should move freely in the grooves of the framework. All furnaces are manufactured according to standards that determine the size and range. Some devices customers have to prepare from the corresponding steel. Most often, these are ovens, water heaters, dampers, samovars, boxes for cleaning, and sometimes doors. Doors and half-doors are divided into furnaces, blowers, cleaning and viewers. Fire doors. They are used to load fuel into the furnace and close the furnace. Each door consists of a frame and canvas. The canvas is fixed on two loops to the frame and closed with a handle for the hook attached to the frame. The frame of any door must be firmly fixed in the stove laying. Ordinary doors are made of cast iron. There are special thermal gaps between the wing and the frame. Semi-doors have different purposes and are smaller than furnace doors. The double door (half-door) is placed in the fan or under the grate bars. The purpose is to supply air to the fuel during its combustion, as well as to clean the ash pan from ash. and grate perform solid cast iron. Lay the grate above the blower so that their holes are directed along the firebox (from the door to the back wall). Put fuel on them. The air penetrating through the openings of the grids or grates to the burning fuel ensures its normal combustion. Furnaces view and smoke valves are used to close the chimney at the end of the furnace and to regulate the stove. Plates (upper cast-iron flooring) are stoves that are necessary for equipping kitchen hearths or stoves. They are made of cast iron in video separate plates with one or two openings for rings of different diameter or solid. Rings consist of several individual cast-iron rings, which makes it possible to change the size of the hole in the plate depending on the vessel used. Sometimes plates for strengthening the heat supply in the manufacturing process of the bottom ribs. Often the boards or belts are made from the underside of the plates to give them rigidity and better heating. The ovens can be ovens or ovens made of cast iron, or can be a box of black sheet steel. To the front of its riveted or welded iron cast iron frame with a hinged or double door. Ovens are used for baking bread, pies, etc. On the inside of the box, steel corners are fastened to its side walls, along which baking trays for baked goods are moved. The oven is mounted in the stove stove of the kitchen hearth or stove. It is heated on five sides by hot exhaust flue gases that quickly destroy steel. Therefore, the wall thickness is of great importance. Water heating boxes are used to heat water. They consist of the box itself, a collapsible tap and an opening lid through which water is poured. The box is installed on the side of the firebox and, most often, behind the oven, is fixed in the stoveplate stationary or pushed into the steel case inserted in the stove. Retractable water heaters are easy to use and repair. A furnace stopper or a damper is required for closing the mouth of Russian stoves. It can be cast iron, but more often from black sheet steel with a thickness of 0.4 to 1 mm. The upper edges of the flap are rounded, there is a handle in the middle. First of all, it is necessary to make a frame of the desired shape of angular steel, and a damper along it. Since heating and cooling, thin steel is severely deformed, it is necessary first to make a frame for it from angular or flat steel, so that it freely enters the arc. At the bottom of the flap, feet are fastened so that the latter is more stable. A samovar serves to insert a samovar pipe into it when the samovar is heated. Often the hole of the samovar channel is closed with a clean (half-door) door. Sometimes, instead of the door, a piece of pipe with a diameter of not more than 100 mm is inserted into the hole, or it is made of sheet steel. A samovar is closed with a cover of sheet steel. The denser the samovar is, the less heat is lost from the room.

Stove heating

April 20, 2019

The fireplace is a symbol of comfort and well-being. A special comfort creates a high-quality and beautiful fireplace that attracts the attention of everyone who comes into the house, not to mention the happy owners of the fireplace with an open fire chamber. Who can spend hours enjoying the game of flames and crackling firewood.

Fire is a natural wealth that you look at and do not get tired of. It awakens the most pleasant feelings and soothes perfectly. Perhaps that is why fireplaces in our homes have become fashionable. Laying a fireplace with an open hearth is a difficult task, and only a specialist can do it. Errors in the calculations lead to the fact that there are problems with ignition, and the smoke can go into the room.

A sign of a “correct” fireplace is a burning flame at the back wall of the firebox.

There are three options for the location of the fireplace in the room – near the wall, in the corner and center. For fire safety, the coating around the fireplace should be made of non-combustible material. It can be stone, ceramic tile, brass sheet, etc., and the width of such a coating is at least 50 cm.

The fireplace works with a fully open valve.

In a well-sealed room you need to provide additional air flow – to improve traction. For firebox fireplace, you must use dry firewood hardwood. The most common is birch. When using coniferous rocks, embers are fired, which is a fire hazard. Also, when burning emit a large amount of tar, and this may be the cause of clogging of the chimney and the fire chamber of the fireplace. It is necessary to periodically inspect the condition of the chimney from the inside, make cleaning. To remove tar from the tar (burn out), you can use aspen firewood or dry potato peel. Do not use water or a fire extinguisher to extinguish coal.

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